Norway rats are another pest that can enter your home and cause several problems. They have shaggy, brown fur, and their tails add 6-8 inches in their body length. Unlike some other pests, they live in communities. They generally enter homes when the weather gets cooler looking for warmth. They don’t climb well, so they stick to basements and ground floors inside homes. These pests can be dangerous to you and your home for several reasons. So, if you think that Norway rats have entered your home call Nashville Pest Control to get rid of them for you.
Appearance and Life-cycle:
Norway rats have small, bulging, black eyes. They have a blunt nose, small ears, and a heavy body. Their fur is shaggy and brown with random black hairs. The fur on the underside of their bellies is light than the fur on top. The adults are 7-9 ½ inches long and the tail adds 6-8 inches. Their tail is dark on the top and lighter on the bottom. These rats reach sexual maturity in 2-5 months. They can breed during any month of the year. Females can have 3-12 litters per year, and the litters can range from 4-22.
Habitat and Behavior:
Norway rats live in communities. There are dominate and subordinate members. These rats live as close to a water source as they possibly can. They will burrow inside garbage piles, wood piles, and under concrete slabs. During the late fall, they come inside to look for food, water, and shelter. They are poor climbers, so they stay in basements and on ground floors.
Norway rats will eat a variety of food. They prefer meats, fruits, grains, and nuts. They will also eat dead animals or will catch small fish and rodents.
Level of Danger:
Norway rats can be dangerous to you and your home. They can contaminate your food with urine, poop, and spit. These rats are always chewing things to keep their incisors from overgrowing; this can lead to structural damage of a building. Unfortunately, they are dangerous to you, because they can spread diseases. They can also bring parasites, like mites and fleas, into your home.
Signs of Infestation:
Generally, you will not see Norway rats unless there has been a disturbance in their hiding place. If you see them during the day, that can be a sign of a large infestation. You might also see gnaw marks on food or other objects, like utility lines. One of the most well-known signs is their droppings. Their droppings are dark, blunt ended, and rod-shaped.
There are several things you can do to prevent the Norway rat from entering your home. Make sure your garbage has locked lids. Putting all food, including pet food, in sealed containers keeps them from getting access to food sources. To keep them away from water sources, remove any standing water and make sure there are not plumbing leaks. It also helps to keep wood piles away from your home. Try to deal gaps in the foundation and put screens over vents.
If you think your home might be infested with Norway rats call Nashville Pest Control to get rid of the problem for you.