Pharaoh ants are one of the hardest ants to get rid of if they infest your home. Because of that, correct identification as soon as possible is incredibly important. They are small with a light-yellow color. They also have red and black markings. Pharaoh ants build their nests in hidden areas. They cannot survive during the colder months, so they can typically be found in or near buildings because of the heating systems. Luckily, they are not super dangerous inside your home, other than their ability to contaminate food, they are mainly annoying. If you do think your home might be infested, call Nashville Pest Control.
Appearance and Life-cycle:
Pharaoh ants are small, only 2mm long. They are light yellow in color with red and black markings on their abdomens. They have 12 segmented antennae with a 3-segmented club. These ants are often confused with thief ants, because they are both small and similarly colored. The biggest difference is their antennae. The thief ant has 10 segments with 2 clubs. Females can live anywhere from 4 to 12 months, but workers only live up to 10 weeks. Males die fairly soon after mating. It only takes 28 days for an egg to become an adult.
Habitat and Behavior:
Pharaoh ants make their nests in well-protected, hidden areas in a building, but they will also nest in lawns and gardens in warm climates. They take advantage of heating systems in buildings during the winter. Once inside a building, they build their colonies in walls, cabinet voids, behind baseboards, refrigerator insulation, hollows of curtain rods, folds of clothes, sheets of paper, and any other undisturbed dark spaces.
Each colony can have multiple queens with a large number of workers.
They use a process called budding to begin a new colony. A queen and a few worker ants will leave the current colony and start a new one.
A colony will scatter if a toxic substance appears, which creates multiple problems instead of one.
Their diet consists of all kinds of food, but they prefer sweets.
Level of Danger:
The type of threat pharaoh ants pose depends on where they are found. If there is an infestation in a hospital, they are known for spreading diseases.
They are typically found in food service areas, and they will contaminate the food.
If you think your home or business might be infested with pharaoh ants, call Nashville Pest Control. The colony will scatter when threatened, and the do-it-at-home methods do not normally get all of the ants and will create a larger problem, instead of minimizing it.
Signs of Infestation:
The best sign you will see if your home is infested with pharaoh ants is the actual ants foraging for food. The problem is that their foraging sites are generally not near their colony.
To prevent a pharaoh ant infestation, the biggest thing you can do is to keep food in sealed packaging. They are less likely to stick around if they have no food source. Because they are so small, there is no way you can seal every possible entryway into the house. Pharaoh ants are one of the hardest ants to control if your home becomes infested. The first step in getting rid of them is correctly identifying them. Professionals are the only ones who can guarantee a correct identification. If you try to treat them on your own, they can scatter and rebuild multiple colonies, instead of just one.