Wolf spiders are pretty large and can cause fear when sighted. They are similar in appearance to other spiders, but there are slight differences in appearance and behavioral differences that distinguish it from other spiders. Wolf spiders can live in a wide variety of locations and will eat other insects and small spiders. They will bite when provoked, but their first reaction is to retreat. In any case, if bitten it is best to consult a physician, and then call Nashville Pest Control to get rid of the spider.
Appearance and Life-cycle:
It can be tricky to correctly identify a wolf spider, because they are similar to other spiders in appearance. They can be up to 35mm in length, which makes them fairly large. Wolf spiders have 8 non-compound eyes. They have one lower row of four small eyes, two larger eyes, and two small eyes on the top of their heads. Also ,they have two sharp, horizontal fangs are at the bottom of their jaw. There are also palps at the jaw, which are sensory structures and sperm storage in male wolf spiders. Their coloring is typically a pattern of black, grey, and brown shades. Wolf spiders have shorter legs than other web building spiders.
Like the black widow spider, female wolf spiders might also kill the male after mating. The female isolates herself in a covered location to lay the eggs. They can lay about 100 eggs encases in a silk sac. Unlike other spiders, the females carry the sacs around with them, because of their protective nature. When the eggs are ready to hatch, the female spider opens the egg sac to let the spiderlings out. The spiderlings stay with the female for a couple of weeks, until they are ready to go out on their own.
Habitat and Behavior:
Because of the different types of wolf spiders, there are a wide range of habitats that these pests live in. They make their homes anywhere from dry, inland areas to wet, coastal areas. Some are even drawn to suburban areas.
Wolf spiders are unique, because they do not build webs. Instead, they live in burrows. Some are open; some are sealed with silk doors. If there is a lot of rain, they plug the burrows with pebbles and build turrets to get rid of the floodwater. They might also use twigs.
During the fall, they might enter homes to find warmth. They typically enter the home by gaps below doors. Inside the home, the hide in windows, doors, garages, basements, and houseplants.
They are normally nocturnal, although some have been known to hunt in the mornings.
Their diet consists of insects and other small spiders.
Level of Danger:
Wolf spiders will bite when threatened and provoked. Normally, they will retreat first or rear up on their legs, exposing the large fangs. Contrary to what you might assume, their bites are not a significant medical threat.
It is hard to tell the bite of a wolf spider from other spiders. Reactions include initial pain, redness and itchiness that only last for a short time period. It typically feels like a bee sting.
Although the bite is not normally harmful, the severity depends on how much venom is injected and whether or not you are allergic to the venom. If you suspect you have been bitten by a spider, it is best to seek a medical professional.
Signs of Infestation:
The most common sign of a wolf spider infestation, is a wolf spider sighting in the home.
There are a couple things that you can do to prevent wolf spiders from enter your home. Because they typically enter through gaps near doors, make sure all possible gaps are sealed. It is also wise not to leave the door open for an extended period of time. Also, be aware when coming in and out, because spiders and other pests can enter homes by being carried in by you. If you see a wolf spider, or any other spider, make sure to call Nashville Pest Control.